The topic I chose and found interesting is disability, I have decided to try and focus on disability within the curriculum. One article that I found, Disability Studies in Education: The Need for a Plurality of Perspectives on Disability by Baglieri, Susan; Valle, Jan W; Connor, David J; Gallagher, Deborah J. This article talks about the field of special education throughout the history of schooling. Disability rights have changed greatly and will continue to change. One of the first changes that disability saw was in the meaning of the word disability, into something other than just the medical term.
Another article I am looking at, Infusing Disability in the Curriculum: The Case of Saramago’s Blindness by Liat Ben-Moshe. Disability has often been seen as something negative when it does not have to be. Focussing on the aspect of “blindness” as a metaphor, and how there are some strategies on how it can be used in the classroom. Liat Ben-Moshe is an assistant professor of criminology, and disability studies at the University of Toledo.
My next steps are to do more research and look into some more articles that interest me and try to include relevant, which hopefully will not be too difficult.
Within my schooling experience the Tyler Rationale seems to be a part of the main evaluation systems in place. Everything that was taught felt like it was being taught for the sole purpose of examination, and to find out who could regurgitate the most information from class. Most of my classes only focussed on an outcome-based system. At the time that the Tyler Rationale was established schools were trying to emulate the conditions of a factory line, where you start with one thing and mold and shape it until it comes out the other side a prepared member of society ready to contribute. Now, obviously schools operate differently in the day to day processes, but I believe that the same goal of just giving what needs to be given and sending out a person to contribute to society is still implied by many school systems.
I believe the main disadvantage to the Tyler Rationale is the amount of stress put on the outcome-based approach that focusses on heavy evaluation to determine success. in my opinion this is the largest drawback because it does not take into account that there are some students who ca not handle stress of examinations, or are just bad test takers. There could also be some kind of outside problems going on with the students in their family lives. Many kids that I knew growing up had a lot of issues in their families and it was reflected in the work they did the next day at school.
But, one of the advantages to the Tyler Rationale is the organization. For the sake of the teacher the level of structure and organization would be nice. In my case I did better when things had a set structure within the classroom, and many people I know like myself, tended to thrive in an organized and well structured learning environment. But it all comes down to the type of learner each student is, because not everyone will do well in certain classroom environments. The most important thing in modern schools now is that each student is going to get the best education they possibly can and that their needs are met by the staff. Hopefully schools will continue this upward trend and become better than they have been.
In this reading we see two approaches to schooling, each very different than the other. The writer tells of their experience trying to adjust to new customs and common practices in Nepal. From this comparison between Nepal and the United States I decided on the definition of “common-sense” to be, actions within a community or culture that are so normalized in the day to day life that they are no longer questioned by any of the people in the society. For this reading the common-sense things for Nepal was the schedule of water usage in the one central area, eating habits, and schooling habits, which when compared to the common-sense practices of American people is drastically different.
It is important to notice these differences in what is considered common-sense because not every place in the world has the same ideas of what are considered common-sense practices. If everyone ignored the differences between societies then the whole world becomes ignorant, and that puts people in a position where they are creating more ignorance. The best option is being aware of these differences in common-sense. when we are aware it becomes easier to adapt and live somewhere that may have drastically different common-sense practices.